When Approaching A Flooded Area What Is The Correct Response

When Approaching A Flooded Area What Is The Correct Response – Over the past 25 years, the number of natural disasters in rich and poor countries has increased. Today, more people than ever are exposed to natural hazards, especially in developing countries. This series of articles aims to highlight the measures that have been taken and can be taken to improve response to the risk or occurrence of natural disasters in the MENA and Indo-Pacific regions. Read more…

Floods have become a serious problem all over the world [1] . Climate change is projected to increase the intensity and severity of floods [2] At the same time, there is growing concern that climate change will significantly increase health risks from contaminated water and hazardous substances released during floods [3] . ]These issues need to be addressed in order to reduce the negative impact of floods on societies around the world.

When Approaching A Flooded Area What Is The Correct Response

Coping with floods is a major challenge for many communities, especially those in developing countries, which often have to manage their responses and recovery largely on their own. When, where and how governments, NGOs and other organizations can help during a natural disaster. However, their level of participation sometimes does not meet the needs of local communities, especially immediately after a disaster, but also in the long term due to their limited financial capacity, insufficient access to affected areas, lack of awareness or political constraints that they are subject to. are in they work

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This article focuses on the role of local communities in the flood recovery phase. Drawing on a case study of rural communities in Laos [4], the article highlights the potential benefits of providing local communities with long-term practices to assist them in their recovery efforts. This article concludes with a discussion of the lessons and insights from this case and how they can be applied in other countries to improve flood resilience.

This article discusses floods in terms of long-term recovery, as the latter contributes to resilience, defined as “the ability to recover easily”. it is necessary for the damaged society to return to normal conditions[6]. Floods are almost impossible to prevent, and the magnitude of the negative effects of floods is very difficult to measure. Therefore, flood mitigation is often very difficult, especially in rural areas in developing countries where technology and finance are limited. Generally, this increases the importance of the recovery phase.

Local communities are directly affected by floods and are therefore the main risk in such situations. They are the first on the scene and usually shape the initial response. Therefore, it is important to focus especially on local communities during their recovery. Floods can be devastating, [7] especially for those who are the most vulnerable members of society. Damage affects property, finances, job security, emotional state, health and livelihoods. Thus, the affected community has a strong investment and motivation to quickly recover and return to normal life. Compared to others such as aid agencies, support services and governments, the community itself will have the highest priority in the recovery process. Therefore, a community-based approach to improving flood resilience is recommended. The Sendai Framework for Disaster Risk Reduction[8] supports this and emphasizes the need for a people-centred approach to disaster risk reduction. Therefore, in the post-flood recovery phase, it is important that people are both reflective and proactive in order to improve flood management in the future.

Another reason why a community-based approach is recommended is that with the increasing number of natural disasters worldwide [9], aid alone is not enough. Therefore, the development of resistance [10] is now more important than ever. Sustainable community development will not only improve the effectiveness of recovery, but help build a stronger system that can better manage all types of risks while increasing the chances of sustaining community progress. Overall, this will strengthen existing links between aid organizations and community development work, enabling sustainable change [11].

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A community-based approach can be very useful because communities know and understand their situation best. Some argue that professionals have experience, theoretical knowledge, and skills specific to the communities they seek to help. In addition, local communities have more up-to-date information about their environment and how community members might respond to certain remedial measures, which can be important for effective recovery. Moreover, when preparing for a potential flood, the community is the only party with clear emotional inputs regarding potential impacts and risks. In any case, all stakeholders must be involved and involved in order to have a successful recovery process and outcome.[12] Community participation will make flood management practices more effective and long-lasting, improve the overall flood management process and enable safer and faster decision-making.

Helping local communities, including their most vulnerable members, to practice recovery will make them more resilient to floods in the long term, which will be especially important in the face of climate change[13]. and severe flooding is real. As shown in the case of rural communities in Laos, local communities, especially those prone to flooding, tend to already have many recovery practices that can and should be strengthened through input from experts, government officials, and assistance.

​​​​​​While there are many flood mitigation techniques used around the world, local communities in Laos have their own practices, especially as they often face flooding due to the annual rainy season. Flooding is a major hazard in Laos [14] affecting the population throughout the province and often becoming catastrophic [15] . Thus, Lao fighting skills have evolved over many generations. These include traditional practices such as building houses on stilts; establishment of public rice banks; use of folk medicine; seek refuge in temples and/or schools; establishment of payment systems for rice fields; and they carried water from the houses in baskets. These practices do aid recovery, although they are mostly need-based coping strategies. However, NGOs and UN staff are teaching and/or sharing other flood resilience best practices with rural communities, such as using pumps to remove water; establishment of formal village emergency committees and disaster preparedness plans; using more reliable methods of building and repairing houses (for example, using stronger concrete or wood); and implementation of food and beverage storage systems.

In Laos, flood control, which is difficult due to unpredictable floods, is mainly carried out at the local level and appears to be effective due to increased attention to village disaster management committees. Due to the country’s financial situation, [16] flood control is mainly managed by the individual village, which has its own village headman and elders. Often, when a flood occurs, it is impossible for outsiders, including government officials, to enter the affected villages. Therefore, it is important to focus specifically on the coping mechanisms of local communities during recovery. In this situation, the citizens of Laos are now working together as a community to cope with the floods. So far it works satisfactorily. However, with the construction of houses in flood plains, deforestation, and signs that climate change is increasing the severity of floods and droughts [17], existing local coping mechanisms may not be sufficient. However, regardless of whether their current practices are sufficient to respond to these immediate challenges, providing Laotians with additional recovery practices would be of great benefit as it would enable communities to better cope with physical, emotional and secondary (current and manage the future). created by strengthening their resilience due to flood disasters. In addition, it will enable them to better cope with flooding in the long term, especially if the flooding worsens.

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Villagers in Laos can learn from other recovery methods used in other countries. For example, in Khammuan Province, Laos, health is a major concern during the recovery phase, as flooding spreads disease and contaminates drinking and washing water. This problem can be reduced by chemical treatment of water, as is done in Tanzania[18], or by using water purification tablets, as is done in Bangladesh.[19] In addition, another recovery practice that will benefit most communities in Laos is the introduction of a rice variety that can withstand floods, because currently the loss of rice during floods, their main source of livelihood, [20] reduces their capacity . to return This practice has been effective in India, Bangladesh, and Nepal [21] , and research is underway to see how it would work in Laos [22] . There are many other methods that can help, for example in Thailand where communities are involved in hazard mapping to improve education [23] and in Vietnam where they are using schools to run flood protection campaigns [24] . The idea is to build on existing practices and introduce new ones to increase the resilience of communities.

However, it is important that the community is supported in the elections

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