What Was Napoleon Able To Accomplish During Peacetime – 2 Quote of the day “Impossible is a word found only in the dictionary of fools.” Napoleon Bonaparte
3 Objectives Summarize the steps taken by Napoleon to restore order in France Explain the fall of Napoleon Analyze the Congress of Vienna
What Was Napoleon Able To Accomplish During Peacetime
What are three things that Napoleon was able to achieve in peacetime? How did Britain’s geographical advantage help prevent invasion? Description of the geographical area of Napoleon’s invasions.
Peacetime Restrains Strategy. R.b. Haldane And The Shortfalls Of His…
Mental Ability Administrative Ability Administrative Ability Ruler’s Rhetoric Understanding of People. Wisdom is more important than bravery Earn the respect of soldiers
Napoleon takes power in France – Popular plebiscite – People vote to approve new constitution Three consuls – Napoleon is the first
Corrupt officials boycotted lycées – public schools Concordat – recognized church influence, denied church control over national affairs, French government appointed bishops
Religious tolerance Prohibited right to choose a profession Abolition of feudal privileges Trade unions Empowering husbands and fathers over wives and children
Joseph Lovell, Md (1788–1836): First Us Army Surgeon General
Napoleon was under influence through treaties appointing friends and family to European countries such as Russia, Austria, and Prussia.
Great Britain – Defeated Napoleon’s archenemy France at the Battle of Trafalgar, confirming British sovereignty over the seas for 100 years Continental System – Blockade that closed all ports in the European War of 1812
Invasion of Russia – Scorched Earth Policy and the Russian Winter April 1814 Napoleon surrenders to Alexander I of Russia.
Louis XVIII – abdicates the throne to Napoleon, flees Elba, brings back the Battle of Waterloo, exiled to St. Helena, dies 1821
Treaty Of Amiens
23 Objectives Explain the significance of the decisions taken at the Congress of Vienna, explain how the ideas of the French Revolution affected society in Europe.
24 Important Question Do you think the decisions taken at the Congress of Vienna were correct? why Why not?
Explain the significant impact of the political changes that took place at the Congress of Vienna. List three causes of the French Revolution and explain how two of these causes led to the French Revolution.
The Project Gutenberg Ebook Of Napoleon’s Marshals, By R. P. Dunn Pattison
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Napoleon I is one of the most famous figures in history. An ambitious and charismatic leader, Napoleon was also a reformer, revolutionizing the French army, reorganizing French education, and developing the Napoleonic Code, the model for later civil law codes. However, his driving passion was to expand French supremacy through military conquest.
After graduating from the Ecole Militaire in France, Napoleon became a second lieutenant of artillery in Laffer’s regiment at the age of just 16. Later influenced by his readings of Voltaire and Jean-Jacques Rousseau, he believed that political change was inevitable in France, but as a professional military officer he saw no need for radical social reform. He achieved his first military victories during the French Revolution. Napoleon supported the National Convention, the new government body in France that abolished the monarchy. His distinguished military service helped him rise through the ranks. In 1795 he suppressed the revolt against the National Convention in Paris. He was recognized as a hero for saving the National Congress and the Republic.
Fireside Friday: October 15, 2021
In 1796, a new governing body called the Directory became the commander of the French army in Italy fighting the Austrians and their allies. The Italian campaign showed Napoleon’s military genius. He confuses his enemies with his swift movements. Eventually he carried the battle into Austria and got within 80 miles of Vienna when the enemy surrendered. He concluded the Treaty of Campo Formio, which gave France more territory. After an unsuccessful invasion of Egypt, he returned to France, where the political situation became unstable. The guide lost favor with the public. Napoleon saw an opportunity for self-improvement. He joined the conspiracy to overthrow the Directory in November 1799. In its place, a government called the Consulate was established, and Napoleon was the first of the three consuls. In three years he became first consul for life. Napoleon initiated reforms in post-revolutionary France, beginning with a complete overhaul of military training. He centralized the government, reorganized the banking and educational system, subsidized the arts, and improved relations between France and the Pope. His most notable achievement was the Code Napoleon, which simplified the French legal system. Continued political opposition from royal families and others soon convinced Napoleon that the best way to discourage conspiracies against him was to convert the consulship for life into a hereditary empire. On May 18, 1804, the French Empire was proclaimed. Napoleon was crowned Emperor of France by Pope Pius VII at Notre Dame Cathedral on December 2.
Napoleon went on to fight several conflicts known as the Napoleonic Wars. Britain was joined by Russia, Austria and Sweden and France was called the Third Alliance. The British fleet under Horatio Nelson destroyed the French fleet at Trafalgar on October 21, 1805. Napoleon had to find other ways to defeat his enemy. Austria and Russia were defeated at Austerlitz on 2 December. And Napoleon crushed the Prussians, who entered the war in September 1806, at Jena and Oerstadt on October 14, and the Russians at Friedland on June 14, 1807. His achievements were recognized by treaties. At Tilsit in July, it brought most of Europe to its feet. Napoleon led an army of about 600,000 into Russia in 1812, won the Battle of Borodino, but was forced to withdraw from Moscow with heavy losses. His army was greatly weakened and he faced a powerful coalition of allies, which he defeated at the Battle of Leipzig (1813). After the Allied capture of Paris in 1814, Napoleon was forced to abdicate and was exiled to the island of Elba. In 1815 Napoleon fled Elba and attempted to restore his empire in the Hundred Days Campaign. But British and Allied forces crushed the French army at the Battle of Waterloo. This time, Napoleon was exiled to the island of Saint Helena in the South Atlantic Ocean, where he died in 1821.
Napoleon was an absolute emperor whose ambition raised France to new heights, but later caused devastating military defeats that nearly destroyed the nation’s army. However, Napoleon left behind the permanent institutions that built modern France, including the Napoleonic Code, a judiciary, a central bank, the nation’s financial institution, military academies, and a central university. Napoleon changed the history of France and the world.
With Bonaparte still in Paris in October 1795, on the eve of its dissolution, the National Convention submitted to a referendum the new constitution of the third year of the First Republic, with two-thirds of the members of the National Convention to be re-elected to new legislatures. The royalists, hoping to restore the monarchy soon, instigated a revolution in Paris to prevent these measures from being carried out. Paul Barras, who had delegated dictatorial powers to the National Congress, did not want to rely on the commander of the internal forces. Instead, learning of Bonaparte’s services at Toulon, he appointed him second in command. Thus, Napoleon reduced the ranks of the rebels marching against the National Convention (13 Vendemire General IV; 5 October 1795), thus saving the National Convention and the Republic.
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Bonaparte became the commander of the internal army, and thus kept abreast of every political development in France. He became a respected adviser on military affairs to the new government, the Directory. During this time, he became acquainted with an attractive Creole, Josephine Thacher de la Pagerie, wife of General Alexandre de Beauharna (Guillotined during the Reign of Terror), mother of two, and a woman who had several love affairs. .
From every angle, a new life opened to Bonaparte. After proving his loyalty to the Directory, he was appointed Commander-in-Chief of the Italian Army in March 1796. He had been trying to get this position for several weeks so that he could personally manage part of the campaign plan made by the Directory. Accepted as per his advice. He married Josephine on March 9 and left for the army
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