What Is An Isoline Map – Graphia = written geography, so the meaning “written world” Eratosthenes (c. 276 BC – c. 195 BC) was a Greek mathematician, geographer, poet, astronomer and music theorist. He was the first to use the Greek word “geography” and he created the discipline of geography as we understand it. He created the latitude and longitude system. He was the first to calculate the circumference of the earth, and the first to calculate the tilt of the earth’s axis (very correct). He was also able to calculate the distance from the Earth to the Sun and create a solar leap] He also created the first world map with latitude and longitude lines in his drawings, according to the knowledge in the field available at the time.
Geographers ask where and why space and distribution are important concepts Geographers focus on the tension between globalization and diversity Geographers focus on the tension between globalization and local diversity Physical and human geography Whereas Physical geography studies where and why natural resources, human geography studies where and why human activities are where.
What Is An Isoline Map
Geographers use place and region to explain why each place is unique. The content of special places in the world is different from the special characters. Region – An area of the world known for its unique combination of culture and nature.
Isoline Map Of Pm 2.5 Concentrations In Beijing During The Air…
Geographers use scale, location, and connectivity to help explain why different parts of the world belong together. Scale – The relationship between the part of the world under study and the whole world. Space – refers to the physical difference or separation between two objects. Connection – relationship between people and things in spatial barriers.
As a tool to find places, find directions As a communication tool Show the distribution of people and physical features The study of map design is called cartography. Cartographers must consider two important factors when making a map: scale and projection.
18 Maps: Statistical Methods – the study of transferring the location of the earth’s surface into a flat map. Deformation problems: Like distance relative to size Orientation
25 Current Learning Tools Satellites – Get information about the Earth’s surface from satellites orbiting the Earth. The most common land use is environmental use.
Map Of Geoid Isolines (constructed On The Basis Of The Emg2008…
26 devices modern GPS technology can determine the exact location of the world. Commonly used in aircraft and ship navigation.
Location – The place where something is on the surface of the earth. Geographers use 4 things to identify places: Place names – see ex. pp. 15-16 Place Name – Physical characteristics of a place. Points – The position of a place relative to another place. Math work
Figure 1-6: The University of Manhattan, New York City. The area has changed a lot in the last 200 years. Figure 1-6: The University of Manhattan, New York City. The area has changed a lot in the last 200 years.
The position of each place can be clearly explained by the line of longitude and latitude The line of longitude (line of longitude) The central meridian plays an important role in calculating time; 15° = 1 hour; the world is divided into 360°, so we have 24 periods. Latitude (latitude) Equator
Intro To Isolines
32 World Geographic Grid Figure 1-8: The World Geographic Grid consists of lines of longitude and latitude. The prime meridian (0°) passes through Greenwich, England.
33 World Time Figure 1-9: The world 24 time environment is usually depicted using the Mercator projection.
A region derives its unity from its culture – a combination of culture such as language and religion, economy such as agriculture and trade prints, and features such as weather and vegetation. Since the mid-1800s, geographers have used the term “regional studies” to argue that each region has its own landscape that is the result of social quality of relationships and natural processes.
Geographers try to explain the relationship between these features. Each region = a unique landscape Human = the most important factor in the evolution of the world
The Map On The Next Page Displays Today’s
Everyone has one or more areas of similarity. Example: Montana Functional (Nodal) Area (p.22) An area organized around a knot or focal point. For example: the area around a newspaper Vernacular (culture) area (pp. 22-23) Where people believe their culture exists. For example: US South
Figure 1-11: The state of Iowa is an example of a legal district; the spheres of influence of stations are examples of functional areas.
41 Rural Areas Figure 1-12: There are several terms that are often used to define the South as Rural Areas, each defining a different area.
42 Spatial Organizations A region can be created to include different areas, from a small part of the world to a large part of the world. Depending on the size of the area, different conclusions are drawn. first. Cancer Mortality (pp. 23-24)
Isoline Map Hi Res Stock Photography And Images
Figure 1-13: Cancer deaths in the United States, Maryland, and Baltimore show different patterns, and associations with various factors can be identified.
44 Culture When geography teachers study the differences between places, they focus on culture. (pp. 24-25) From the Latin cultus, meaning “care” Two things: What people care about Religion, values and customs What people care about high quality of life; get food, clothes and shelter.
45 Cultural Ecology A Geographical Study of Human-Environment Relations (pp. 25-26) Two Perspectives: Environmental Decision Making in the 1800s and 1900s Alexander von Humboldt, Carl Ritter, Elizabeth Churchill Semple Study how the physical environment creates (controls/limits) human activity. Possibilityism Modern geographers often reject environmental determinism in favor of possibilityism The physical environment may limit some human behavior, but humans can adjust yes.
46 Physical Process Climate – Average weather over a long period of time at a specific location. 5 major climate zones (p. 26) Influenced by human activities Humans depend on temperature and precipitation. Plants – plant life on Earth The 4 main types of flora or biomes – forests, savannas, grasslands and deserts
Amazon.com: Yellowmaps Isoline Tn Topo Map, 1:24000 Scale, 7.5 X 7.5 Minute, Historical, 1935, 27.3 X 22 In
48 Physical processes of soils, weathering materials, and rocks Concerns about soils include erosion and nutrient depletion Landforms – the study of soils is called geomorphology Interpret the distribution of population and economy in different areas Learn from maps
Globalization – a force or process that has the whole world and causes something to be created in the world; means that the world is shrinking in large Economic globalization (see page 31-32) Multinational corporations cause more specialization, Economic differences in all nations. globalized (see pp. 32-33) Global culture?
Figure 1-17: Denso is headquartered in Japan, but maintains regional headquarters and other locations in North America and Western Europe.
Distribution – arrangement of features in space Density – frequency of something occurring in space Arithmetic – total number of objects in an area (p. 34) Physiology – number of people in an area unit of agricultural land – farmers per unit of land Concentration – distribution of characteristics in space If things are close together, they clump together If that the objects are far apart, they break Patterns – geometric arrangements of objects in space
A Cooler Pattern For Much Of The Heartland; Wetter Days For The Southern U.s.
Figure 1-18: Density, height, and structure (of buildings in this example) can vary within a region or landscape.
Figure 1-21: Delta, like many other airlines, has installed its “hub-and-spoke” communication system.
62 Diffusion The process by which an idea spreads in space and time Areas of fire for innovation Two types of diffusion Transfer – spread ideas through the physical movement of people from one place to another to another place; ex. Language, religion, ethnicity Transmission from one place to another Three types: Hierarchical, contagious, irritating
64 Diffusion Hierarchical Diffusion – The diffusion of ideas from one person or those of authority or power to another person or place; leaders. Hip-hop, rap, and jazz music spread – The rapid spread and spread of the attitude in the population; ex. Illness or the use of the Internet promotes the spread – the spread of the principles, even if the quality itself refuses to spread; ex. Apple and IBM, Windows
Isoline Map Of The Mean Volume Susceptibility For The Entire Fic. The…
Figure 1-22: The new AIDS virus is concentrated in three clusters. In the 1980s, AIDS was spread throughout the country, but in the 1990s, the former declined.
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