What Does The Word Calvary Most Likely Suggest – The Apostles Creed is the oldest statement of the Catholic faith and the testimony of the apostles. Its fifth verse, that Jesus went down to hell, is a secret that must be revealed.
“This is the night that Christ broke the bars of death and rose victorious from the underworld.”
What Does The Word Calvary Most Likely Suggest
This is my 13th Holy Week post from prison. In each of them, I have tried to leave my habit, which is a kind of prison newspaper, to make our Holy Week edition something deeply theological. That has been a problem where I live because research resources are limited. Despite that obstacle, over the years we have been providing a series of articles about the events of the Holy Week that have become popular with readers.
From Heaven He Came And Sought Her By J.i. Packer, Henri A. Blocher, Sinclair B. Ferguson
Some of these topics are more unique than others. They usually follow the Stations of the Cross so we have selected seven (except this one) that can be read daily for Holy Week. We have collected them now as our first skills on the “Special events” page where they will be available until Pentecost.
A few weeks ago in my article, “The Declaration and Expulsion of Russia and the Ukraine,” I wrote about my return to the Catholic faith at the age of 16 in 1969. At that time many of my peers who were moving away from the church. faith in 1969. the opposition of the other way, I was drawn to it. It was 1969, and it was a time of protests and protests. It was a strange time for me to start appreciating the Catholic faith. It was a year after Pope Paul VI issued “Humanae Vitae,” a year in which most of the world rejected authority and loyalty. It was a year of exodus of many priests and religious, a year in which the world’s Catholic culture began to desperately search for something important in a collapsing world.
It was also the year that for the first time I paused while reciting the Apostles’ Creed to reflect on its fifth Article, the haunting statement that Jesus, in his death on the Cross, descended hell. The Apostles’ Creed is a summary of the beliefs of the first witnesses of our faith regarding the person and work of Jesus. Did they really believe he went to hell when he died? For a 16-year-old boy struggling with faith, it was a terrifying question.
The answer to it has been a long winding road to the meaning of the Cross, death, punishment, hell and Heaven, very important questions for people of any faith. I wrote an article that should probably come before this one for those who want to seriously question the purpose of life and death in the Holy Scriptures: “The God of the Living and the Life of the Dead.”
Jan Van Eyck
There are two creeds – summaries of faith – that have an important place in the life of the Church. The Apostles’ Creed is similar to the importance of the Church of Rome and the See of Peter from the time of the Apostles until today. It is the main statement of the faith of the Church. The second, the Nicene Creed used in the Mass, is based on the first two Councils in the life of the Church, the Councils of Nicea (325 AD) and Constantinople (381 AD).
The Nicene Creed does not say that Jesus descended into hell, but the Councils neither denied nor denied it. These words from the time of the Apostles of the Church are still a doctrine of faith. But what does that mean? What happened between the Cross and the resurrection of Jesus?
The phrase, “went down to hell” comes from the language of the Old Testament. The place we often understand as hell was not the place where souls go in the Hebrew Scriptures.
The place of the souls of the dead was Sheol (pronounced SHAYOLE), an uncertain Hebrew word. It was just a place to live for the dead and it did not mean the concept of moral status, or being saved or condemned, and there was no difference between the good and the bad. Depending on the life that was lived, the soul could go to Sheol carrying peace or sorrow, but Sheol itself did not participate. Life according to God was just this life.
Scenes From The Passion Of Christ: The Crucifixion [middle Panel]
In the Old Testament, “death” meant going down to Sheol. That was the last place we went. Therefore, rising from the dead meant rising from Sheol. The idea that Sheol is the “underworld” is a simple application of ancient Jewish cosmology which understood God’s dwelling place and heaven to be above the Earth, and Sheol, the place of the dead, as it is beneath you. This is the source of our understanding of Heaven and Hell, but it leaves out a broader theological understanding of the death, resurrection and ascension of Jesus and the need for people to understand our death by faith.
If, until the time of Jesus, “death” meant going down to Sheol, then Jesus introduced a completely new way of understanding death in his speech from the Cross to the repentant thief: “Today you will be with me in Paradise” (Luke 23:43). This is a report I previously reported entitled, “Dismas, Crucified to the Right: Paradise Lost and Found.”
On the cross, when the repentant thief comes to faith and is crucified with Jesus, God removes the bonds of death because death has no power over Jesus. It is very important for us that the circumstances in which the repentant Dismas entered Paradise must carry his cross and come to faith.
It was at that moment when Jesus proclaimed, in his last words on the Cross, “It is finished,” that Heaven, the abode of God, was opened to human souls for the first time in the history of people. The gospels do not take this moment lightly:
Good Friday Meditation On The Seven Last Words
(Luke 23:44-46): “It was about the sixth hour [3:00 PM], and darkness covered the whole earth until the ninth hour, when the light of the sun went out; the veil of the temple was torn with a blade. Then Jesus cried out in a loud voice and said: ‘Father, I commit my spirit into your hands.’ When he said that, he breathed his last.
(Matthew 27:51-54) “Behold, the veil of the temple was torn in half, from top to bottom, and the earth shook, and the stones split. The graves were opened, and many bodies of the saints who were sleeping woke up… The centurion, and those with him who were guarding Jesus, when they saw the earthquake and what had happened, they were filled with fear. , he said: ‘It is clear that this was the Son of God.'”
The veil of the Temple torn in half is also found in the Gospel of Mark (15:38) and is very important. Two curtains were hung in the temple of Jerusalem. One was visible, dividing the courtyard outside the sanctuary. One was visible only to the priests as it hung in the sanctuary in front of its most holy room where the Holy of Holies resided (see Exodus 26:31-34) . At the death of Jesus, the veil of the Temple was torn from top to bottom representing salvation itself. In the death of Jesus, the boundary between the Face of God and His people was removed.
According to the works of the ancient Jewish historian, Josephus, the wall in front of the inner sanctuary was torn in half and was heavily carved with images of the Universe and Cosmos. Its destruction symbolized the opening of Heaven, the abode of God and the Kingdom of Angels, to human souls.
Blood Of Christ, Stream Of Mercy, Save Us
A very different tradition – and very surprising to teachers of the Scriptures – is found in a few verses in the New Testament in the First Epistle of Peter (3:18-20):
“For Christ died once for sins, the righteous for the unrighteous, to bring us to God, being put to death in the flesh, but raised in the spirit, where he went and revealed the spirit that was to him. in the prison that was previously disobedient while God’s patience was waiting in the days of Noah.”
It has been difficult for scholars for centuries to explain this verse, starting with the Church Fathers and those who came before them who were known as the Apostolic Fathers. It is a term used for other disciples and successors of the Twelve Apostles. They were writers of the Greek language who were among the martyrs and great people of the first and second centuries in the Christian church.
Although their letters were not considered canonical to be included in the New Testament, they are considered a continuation of the Apostles’ letters themselves and are an important source of the history of the early Church. One of them was Clement of Alexandria. He understood the above verses from the first letter of Peter as proof that, during the silence of Holy Saturday, Christ descended to the dead to give the last gift of salvation to the dead sinners of the past of Noah who rejected Noah and his covenant.
When We Survey The Wondrous Cross
Centuries later, St. Augustine made a different and more advanced proposal
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