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How Far Is Lincoln Nebraska From Omaha Nebraska
Harle Adams Dahlstrom, Professor of History, University of Nebraska, Omaha. Author A.V. Sorensen and New Omaha.
Nebraska Railroads: Map, History, Abandoned Lines
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Omaha, city, seat (1855) of Douglas County, eastern Nebraska, United States. It is located on the west bank of the Missouri River across from Council Bluffs, Iowa. Omaha is the largest city in Nebraska and a regional center for manufacturing, transportation, commerce and services. From the 1890s to the middle of the 20th century, Omaha became one of the world’s best markets for cattle and a leader in the meat industry. It was founded in 1854, and soon became known as the “Gateway to the West.” Omaha’s location near the confluence of the Platte and Missouri Rivers provided a wide passageway, the Platte Valley, which became an important transportation artery. The city got its name from the Native American word Omaha, meaning “high people.” city of Inc., 1854; town, 1857. Area of town, 115 square miles (298 square kilometers). Pop (2010) 408, 958; Omaha–Council Bluffs Metro Area, 865, 350; (2020) 486, 051; Omaha–Council Bluffs Metro Area, 967, 604.
Omaha was founded in 1854 in an area visited by Meriwether Lewis and William Clark on their 1804 expedition to the Pacific coast and where fur trading pioneer Manuel Lisa established a trading post during the War of 1812. 1846-47 included a camp they called Winter Quarters, later known as Florence, later incorporated into Omaha. From 1847 to 1848, Winter Quarters witnessed the beginning of the Mormon migration to what became the state of Utah, but as the west side of the Missouri River was closed to permanent “white” settlement, the Mormons moved to the next point of departure to the nearby community of Kanesville, Iowa (named Council Bluffs in 1853).
By the time the Kansas-Nebraska Act of 1854 opened up the settlement area, Kanesville became the non-Mormon community of Council Bluffs, where a group of businessmen formed a company to develop Omaha City, Nebraska Territory. Organizers wanted the capital of the newly created land to be located directly on the Missouri River, in part at least to influence the builders of the transcontinental railroad that was then planned to lay its tracks in or near the new city. Omaha’s supporters won the territorial capital of their city despite the wishes of Bellevue, a long-established trading post, mission, and Indian agency south of Omaha.
The 11 Best Things To Do In Omaha, Nebraska
Steamboats based in St. Louis as passengers and freight on the Missouri River docked east of Omaha. By the 1860s stage lines were running in different directions in the city. Freight trains from Denver and other places in the west contributed to Omaha’s emerging status as a transportation and supply center. In 1863 Pres. Abraham Lincoln originally named Omaha-Council Bluffs as the eastern terminus of the first transcontinental railroad, which, when completed in 1869, placed Omaha at the eastern end of the nation’s first railroad connection to the West and elevated its status has an emerging urban center. Incorporated as a city in 1857, Omaha had a population of 1,883 on the eve of the American Civil War. In 1870, the frontier community had a population of 16,083, a number that nearly doubled a decade later.
Although Omaha lost its status as Lincoln’s capital after Nebraska entered the union in 1867, many railroads were built in the city over the next two decades. The Missouri River Bridge in 1872 helped connect the Omaha–Council Bluffs National Railroad. Manufacturing, wholesale trade, and other businesses varied the economy. The establishment of the Union Stock Yards in 1884 quickly brought large butchers to the surrounding community south of Omaha, connecting the urban area with a vast expanse of countryside. In 1888, a railroad bridge connected Omaha and Council Bluffs, and in 1889 electric car service was established between the two cities, further expanding the growing metropolitan area on both sides of the Missouri River.
In the 1880s, Omaha’s population tripled, but a snowstorm in 1888, followed by several years of drought and national depression, halted population growth. Hopes were raised, however, when Omaha was chosen as the host site for the Trans-Mississippi and International Exposition of 1898, an event designed to revive the state’s economy and alleviate financial panics. in 1890. The show attracted more than two million people to the city from June to September. In addition, in August 1898, a Native American convention – which brought together hundreds of Native Americans from more than 30 tribes – was also held in Omaha. In the late 1890s, prosperity returned to Omaha, at the turn of the century, Omaha had a population of about 100,000, while South Omaha had about 26,000. In 1915–17, several surrounding communities, including South Omaha, were annexed.
Omaha’s large economy attracted settlers from the early parts of the United States, as well as many immigrants from Europe, especially Bohemia, Germany, Ireland, Italy, Poland, and Scandinavia in the late 19th and early 20th centuries. Many African Americans from the South also immigrated to the Omaha area. These new differences caused occasional conflicts. An African-American man was murdered in 1891, and riots in 1909 drove South Omaha out of Little Greece. Between 1910 and 1920, the African-American population of Omaha doubled. Racial tensions, mostly between blacks and whites, worsened in Omaha as they did throughout the country, especially in the early years of peace after World War I. This conflict led to another African American, William Brown, being killed by white rioters in 1919 at the Douglas County Courthouse.
A New Megadonor Family Is Silently Changing Nebraska Political Races
The Great Depression of the 1930s brought trouble to Omaha. Pres. Franklin D. Roosevelt’s New Deal provided aid to the city and funded important public projects. For years, local business groups worked to thwart unions, and violence accompanied the auto strike of 1935. Although the strike failed, the Wagner Act (National Labor Relations Act) of that year declared federal support for collective bargaining.
The pattern of World War II led to the construction of the Glenn L. Martin Aircraft Company’s factory at Fort Crook (now Offutt Air Force Base), adjacent to the small town of Bellevue, on the southern outskirts of Omaha. In addition to boosting the local economy, the tree brought rapid growth to Bellevue. The factory was closed in 1945, but in 1948 the beginning of the Cold War caused the site to be designated as the headquarters of the Strategic Air Force (now the US Strategic Command). The military presence at the base boosted the Omaha area’s economy and spurred residential growth in the Sarpy County suburbs of Gretna, La Vista and Papillion, all of which are southwest of Omaha.
Like many American cities, Omaha in the 1950s and 1960s witnessed a strong civil rights movement as African-American citizens sought to end discrimination in housing and employment. Poverty and growing youth radicalization, as well as poor police-community relations, have contributed to outbreaks of violence. Open tensions were eased thanks to work programs, civil rights laws, and growing sentiment among white residents. A federal court ruled that de facto segregation in Omaha public schools led to the busing of neighborhood school students starting in 1976 to achieve integration. Compulsory school transport officially ended in 1999 without consensus on its value. Omaha Public Schools has continued efforts to improve education in the city.
Since the 1950s, Omaha has long been a major culinary center. In fact, Omaha surpassed Chicago as the world’s top market in 1955. From the 1960s to the early 1970s, aging plants, labor costs and pollution problems drove the city out. The yards closed in 1999, but meatpacking remains an important part of the local economy; Steak lives on as an Omaha icon, and the city remains an innovator in food processing. Meanwhile, the diversification of the domestic economy, especially the development of information technology companies, created the basis for strong economic growth in the 1990s and the beginning of the 21st century.
Nebraska State Capitol
At the end of the 20th century, the Spanish-speaking population of the city began to grow rapidly. People of European descent make up a quarter of Omaha’s population. African Americans make up more than one-tenth of the population, the rest are mostly Hispanic and, to a lesser extent, Asian and Pacific Islander, as well as immigrants from Africa and the Middle East. The US state of Nebraska currently has 15 census tracts, which are demarcated
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